Last edited by Arashikinos
Tuesday, July 21, 2020 | History

1 edition of Impact of energy costs on the transport sector in Latin America found in the catalog.

Impact of energy costs on the transport sector in Latin America

Impact of energy costs on the transport sector in Latin America

proceedings of a seminar held in Bogotá, Colombia between December 1-3, 1980

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  • 11 Currently reading

Published by Inter-American Development Bank, Economic and Social Development Dept., Technical Cooperation Division II, Industrial Economics and Infrastructure Section in [Washington] .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Latin America
    • Subjects:
    • Transportation -- Energy conservation -- Latin America -- Congresses.,
    • Transportation and state -- Latin America -- Congresses.,
    • Energy policy -- Latin America -- Congresses.,
    • Petroleum products -- Prices -- Latin America -- Congresses.

    • Edition Notes

      Other titlesImpact of energy costs on transportation in Latin America.
      Statementsponsored by the Ministry of Public Works and Transportation of Colombia and the Inter-American Development Bank.
      ContributionsColombia. Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transporte., Inter-American Development Bank.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHE215.5.A2 I56 1982
      The Physical Object
      Paginationv, 405 p. :
      Number of Pages405
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL3268227M
      LC Control Number83189959

      Similarly, with the exception of Singapore, the growth in road transport energy consumption has been increasing in ASEAN The average annual growth of road transport sectors energy consumption in the periods of – was the highest in Malaysia (%), Thailand (%) and Indonesia (%). 3 In Malaysia, for instance, the availability of extended financial Cited by: Publications “Defeat-device detection and enforcement is a critical component of ensuring low real-world vehicle emissions. Issuing improved guidance is necessary for enforcing defeat-device provisions, but rigorous enforcement testing is still needed to determine whether manufacturers are complying with the guidance.

        The energy markets of the Americas are deeply integrated. Despite the shale boom, which led to a sharp increase in U.S. oil production and a drop in imports, the United States still relies on Latin America for more than 30 percent of the oil it buys from abroad. For governments in Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, and Venezuela, meanwhile, oil exports Author: Lisa Viscidi, Rebecca O’Connor. Renewable energy, emissions, and health To avoid the adverse impacts of climate change, the Cancun Agreements of the Conference of Parties (COP) [ 48 ] called for limiting global average temperature rise to no more than 2°C above pre-industrial values, which means decreasing CO 2 by 50–85% below levels by [ 17 ].Author: María del P. Pablo-Romero, Rocío Román, Antonio Sánchez-Braza, Rocío Yñiguez.

        The Costs and Benefits of Hydropower and are thought to have less impact on the environment because they don’t stop a river altogether. “Our strategy for the energy sector is .   The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) produces comprehensive, reliable data on renewable energy capacity and use worldwide. Renewable Energy Statistics provides data sets on power-generation capacity for , actual power generation for and renewable energy balances for over countries and areas for .


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Impact of energy costs on the transport sector in Latin America Download PDF EPUB FB2

The transportation sector is the largest consumer of energy in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) with 36% of its total energy consumption. This is also true for the United States (42% of its total) but it is not the case in India, where the largest consumers are residences of all sorts with 36%, or in China, where industry consumes 44% of.

Further, delays in customs clearance throughout the region have the effect of increasing transport costs by an additional 4% to 12%. The impact of logistics costs on the wider economy through productivity, food prices, trade and poverty is therefore not an insignificant one.

Almost two-thirds of global transport energy was used by passenger transport vehicles [2], with the US figure being about 73% [3]. BP [4] anticipates that oil will still supply 88% of global. Transportation sector energy consumption. Non-OECD transportation sector energy consumption.

Virtually all (94%) of the projected growth in world transportation energy use occurs in the developing non-OECD economies, where strong economic growth leads to rising standards of living that translate to demand for personal travel and freight transport.

A new dataset compiled for this paper suggests that energy subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) amounted to about percent of GDP, on average, in –13, with fuel subsidies representing about 1 percent of GDP, and those for electricity about to transforming the energy sector.

To translate targets into deployment, several countries have Earlier editions in the Renewable Energy Market Analysis series – covering the GCC and Latin America – have provided a valuable reference point for a range of stakeholders both within Renewable energy policies in the transport sector.

A landmark analysis of government spending in Latin America and the Caribbean reveals widespread waste and inefficiencies that could be as large as $ billion a year, or percent of the region’s GDP, showing there is ample room to improve basic services without necessarily spending more resources.

Energy efficiency progress (Figure 1) is measured from the ODEX indicator. This index aggregates the unit consumption trends for each transport mode in a single indicator for the whole sector.

It is calculated at the level of 8 modes or vehicle types: cars, trucks, light vehicles, motorcycles, buses, total air transport, rail, and water transport. For cars, energy efficiency is. Section outlines energy use for U.S. transportation overall.

Passenger and freight transport are covered in Sections andrespectively. Section briefly discusses the effects of alternative fuels on the efficiency of highway vehicles. Much of the discussion in this chapter is “vehicle-centric” in the sense that it focuses on.

Energy consumption does not only vary by equipment type but also has a temporal dimension. Therefore the breakdown for different periods of time is a relevant factor in the measuring of energy consumption. The analysis of energy consumption requires to also understand the periodicities of demand to evaluate the impact of demand peaks.

A scenario with higher oil prices has important implications for diverting from oil-based technologies to renewables, as well as gas, coal, and nuclear alternatives. Byenergy demand in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is expected to double from levels.

The dominant energy source in the transport sector is liquid fuels (diesel and gasoline) for which relative costs are less important than changes in price through time. Let’s therefore focus on the relative costs of energy sources in the electricity sector.

Byenergy demand in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is expected to double from levels. A key issue is deciding on the most appropriate mix of fuels for power generation, given the various prices of energy sources and technologies, as well. UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS EFFICIENT USE AND CONSERVATION OF ENERGY – Vol.

II - Efficient Use and Conservation of Energy in the Transportation Sector - Clark W. Gellings, Kelly E. Parmenter ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems(EOLSS) expensive to employ than alternative forms, and as the environment continues to suffer.

(ii) promote the use of “low-emission” transport modes such as walking, cycling, and public transport, and (iii) use the most efficient fuel-vehicle technology system possible for all trips. Reducing CO2 emissions is a growing challenge for the transport sector.

LATIN AMERICA: PERFORMANCE INDICATORS Latin America Logistics Performance Index (LPI) Liner Shipping Connectivity Index (LSCI) Ease of Doing Business (EDB) Global Competitiveness Report Brazil 45 48 Columbia 64 45 69 Costa Rica 82 57 Nicaragua NR relevant to energy transition leaders within and beyond the energy sector.

The world of energy is being reshaped by a set of fundamental drivers, which we term the “Grand Transition”. These drivers provide the broader context for determining global energy pathways to The energy system implications of this scenario-based update.

Between Market and State: National Energy Policy in Latin America David Mares Tuesday, March 5, At the beginning of the s, governments controlled the energy sector in all the major Latin. In its recent report, the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on America’s Energy Future reports that, as ofthe transportation sector used approximately quadrillion British thermal units (quads) of energy, of which more than 75% was expended in highway transportation, 17% in nonhighway transportation (for example, air, rail.

Latin America Clean Transport Initiative. This post is also available in: Spanish As countries around the world seek to address growing energy and transportation needs, electric transport is widely viewed as critical to reducing global carbon emissions and improving energy : Nate Graham.

Without doubt, renewable energy is on a roll. Denmark is producing 43% of its energy from renewables, and it aims for 70% by Germany, at more than 25% now and 30% soon, is going for 40% to.Accounting for poverty in infrastructure reform - learning from Latin America's experience (English) Abstract.

This comprehensive study identifies the concepts that are central to assessing the effect of infrastructure reform on the poor, based on a detailed analysis of the effects of a decade of reforms in Latin by: The energy efficiency in transport is the useful travelled distance, of passengers, goods or any type of load; divided by the total energy put into the transport propulsion means.

The energy input might be rendered in several different types depending on the type of propulsion, and normally such energy is presented in liquid fuels, electrical energy or food energy.